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Among these great figures of football patrons, we can remember that of Edoardo Agnelli, son of the founder of Fiat, who, in 1923, took the leadership of the team of Juventus of Turin to make, from the beginning of the 1930s, the best team in Italy. In France, Jean-Pierre Peugeot, boss of the automobile factories, transforms, at the end of the 1920s, the small team of Valentigney, in the Doubs, in FC Sochaux, and contributes to the adoption of the professionalism in 1932. Now that you can easily gget the, live broadcasting from 해외축구중계 you can have a proper understanding of the same from the same channels only.
Nothing is easy in football and politics
The totalitarian regimes which are set up in the inter-war period in the USSR, Italy and Germany instrumentalize the round ball and even as the mores and values of this sport seem little consistent with totalitarian ideals. The stardom and the mercenary attitude that we lend to the best footballers annoy. The exaggerated parochialism and indiscipline of the spectators do not correspond to the fascist ideal of disciplined crowds subjected to carefully ordered rituals.
- And yet, in Italy, football participates in the making of consensus around the Duce, through the means of mass communication. It invades indeed a fascinated press, but also modernized. The weekly Il Calcio Illustrato “The illustrated football”, printed on the presses of the Popolo d’Italia from 1931, won the vote of tens of thousands of tifosi, who also vibrate to listen to the radio reports of the Sicilian journalist Niccolo Carosio. These media, like the film journals of the Luce Institute, celebrate, through the footballer, the “new” and virile man valued by the regime.
The Most Important Aspect
Above all, in the context of international relations, the ball can be an effective political instrument. Thus, fascist propaganda makes its honey of the two world titles won by the Squadra azzurra, the Italian national team, in 1934 and 1938.
- The World Cup won in 1934 in Italy in the presence of Mussolini himself is a magnificent showcase for the great achievements of the regime and an exceptional platform for a Duce at the height of its popularity. In front of foreign journalists dumbfounded, Mussolini embarks on exalted dialogues with the crowd of the “stage of the National Fascist Party”.
In 1938, the third World Cup was won by Italy in France, in a diplomatic context much more tense and in front of a hostile public who does not hesitate to conspire the Squadra azzurra. Fascist propaganda organs interpret this victory as a demonstration of strength achieved in a democracy considered “decadent” and hostile. The journalist Emilio De Martino writes in 1938: “And it is not only the sport that wins today: it is all the youth of a nation that triumphs. Paris, France, the sporting representatives of the whole world must bow, they must applaud . “
What Happened in the end
The Nazi regime is not left out. From 1933, professionalism was officially forbidden to allow the best German players to compete in the Berlin Olympics in 1936 – but the title is still won by Italy. Despite the annexation, after the Anschluss, members of the famous Austrian Wunderteam, the World Cup, organized in Paris in 1938, escapes, as we have seen, to Germany. However, it played until 1940 a high number of international matches that are so many ways to attest to the peaceful designs of the Third Reich.